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Liveblog For Vermont's Town Meeting Day, Super Tuesday

Two people stand outside a village store.
Angela Evancie
VPR File
Thetford Select Board candidate John Bacon and Dennis Donahue share a chat at the village store. Tuesday, March 3, was Town Meeting Day in Vermont, and it was also Super Tuesday, when 14 states and one territory held presidential primary contests.

The first Tuesday in March, at least in Vermont, always means one thing: Town Meeting Day. March 3 was also Super Tuesday, and Vermont was one of 14 states and one territory that held presidential primary contests.

We have Vermont presidential primary results from the Associated Press:



Scroll down for on-the-ground reports from VPR staff.


11:10 a.m.

Senator Bernie Sanders won his home state of Vermont by a wide margin on Super Tuesday, but he was considerably less dominant than he was in the 2016 primary race against Hillary Clinton.

In 2016, Sanders won 86% of Vermont's vote to Hillary Clinton's 14%, meaning Sanders took all of the state's pledged delegates.

This time, Sanders got 51% of the vote with 99% precincts reporting, against multiple opponents. That gets him 10 pledged delegates. Joe Biden got 22% of the vote, meaning he'll end up with 5 delegates from Vermont. 

Those results are astoundingly similar to a poll conducted by VPR and Vermont PBS in early February. The poll, which surveyed a total sample of just over 600 registered Vermont voters between Feb. 4 and Feb. 10, asked respondents who they planned to vote for in the presidential primaries.

Of those who said they'd vote Democratic, 51% chose Bernie Sanders. After that, 13% went for Pete Buttigieg, and 4% for Amy Klobuchar. Those two candidates suspended their campaigns and endorsed Joe Biden before Super Tuesday, and when their amounts are added to the 5% of respondents who said they'd vote for him, it all adds up to 22%.

9:40 a.m.

Town Meeting results continued to come in over night, including:

  • Voters in St. Albans City overwhelmingly approved their share of a proposed municipal pool, but voters in St. Albans Town narrowly defeated the measure, meaning the proposal is dead for now. The St. Albans Messenger reports that the Town selectboard chair said he was enthusiastic about the turnout, and left the possibility open that there could be another pool proposal.
A rendering of a pool at the bottom of a green hill.
Credit St. Albans City, Courtesy
St. Albans City, Courtesy
A rendering of the proposed pool in St. Albans that city voters did approve but town voters did not.

  • Norwich voters narrowly approved plans to spend $2 million for energy efficient upgrades for the town's Tracy Hall. Officials say the bond will replace the town hall’s annual use of 5,000 gallons of fuel oil and 870 gallons of liquefied propane. It will also add 1.9 cents per $100 of valuation to the tax rate. That's according to the Valley News. Norwich residents also okayed a policy barring local police from inquiring about a person’s immigration status or sharing immigration-related information with federal authorities.

A person in a headscarf stands next to signs outside a brick building.
Credit Joe Amon / Connecticut Public/NENC
Connecticut Public/NENC File
Community organizer Asma Elhuni, 43, of Hartford, Vermont, greets voters at the polls Tuesday, encouraging them to vote for a "Welcoming Hartford" ordinance.

  •  Voters in the Slate Valley Unified Union School District have rejected a proposed budget as well as a nearly $60 million bond for district-wide infrastructure and facility improvements. Superintendent Brooke Olsen-Farrell said the budget failed narrowly while the bond failed by a wide margin — that's according to the Rutland Herald. The project would have addressed infrastructure needs at the high school, built a new district middle school, installed two new elevators at Fair Haven Grade School and potentially built a new gym and cafeteria at the Orwell Village School.

A building on a grassy hill.
Credit Melody Bodette / VPR File
VPR File
The Orwell Village School.

  •  Voters in the Mad River Valley have rejected a school district budget that would have reshuffled students and increased class sizes. The $39 million budget for the Harwood Union Unified School District failed on a 3,048 to 2,254 vote. The budget would have taken 5th and 6th grade students out of the Moretown elementary school and move them to an elementary school in Waterbury.


10:25 p.m. 

Just after 10 p.m. Tuesday, Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders took the stage at the Champlain Valley Expo in Essex Junction.

“You know it’s a funny thing: [39] years ago today we won the mayoral race in Vermont,” Sanders said. “And we won that race against all of the odds. Everybody said it couldn’t be done.”

And now, decades later, Sanders said the same thing was happening again.

Bernie Sanders speaks at a podium surrounded by people.
Credit Liam Elder-Connors / VPR
Bernie Sanders thanks his home state at a rally in Essex Junction Tuesday night.

“I can tell you with absolute confidence: We’re going to win the Democratic nomination.”

At the time of his speech, Sanders had won Democratic presidential primaries in two states while former Vice President Joe Biden had won seven states.  California, Maine, Massachusetts, Texas and Utah had yet to announce official results.

"I don’t know what’s going to happen later tonight, we’re doing well in Texas right now, we won Colorado, and I’m cautiously optimistic we can win the largest state in this country, the state of California,” Sanders said. “But no matter what happens, and I don’t know what will happen, but if we have one candidate that stands up for the working class and the middle class, we are going to win that election. And if we have a candidate that has received donations from at least 60 billionaires we are going to win that election."

(This update was corrected in order to reflect when Bernie Sanders was first elected mayor of Burlington in 1981). 

9:55 p.m.

Local results continue to come in like in Maidstone, which is no longer a dry town. Town Meeting Day voters in the Essex County town approved the sale of beer, wine and spirits — leaving Athens and Baltimore as the only Vermont towns where you can’t buy alcohol.

Town Clerk Bonnie Lovell said there is no store in Maidstone, and no one has expressed any interest in applying for a liquor license. But, she added, the ballot items came about because a couple people in town have wine delivered to their homes.

-  Amy Kolb Noyes

And in Monkton:

9:45 p.m.

Several Vermont towns saw notably high turnout Tuesday. According to the Vermont Secretary of State’s office, 81% of registered voters cast a ballot in Colchester Tuesday, while 66% did so in West Haven and 64% in Dover.

9:25 p.m.

Results are in from Channel 17 for the Burlington City Council competitive races:

In Ward 1, longtime incumbent Independent Sharon Foley Bushor lost to Progressive candidate Zoraya Hightower 408-912. Democrat Jillian Scannell came in third place with 369 votes.

Three photos of Ward 1 candidates.
Credit Liam Elder-Connors / VPR

During the day Tuesday, Bushor remarked how much change she had seen in the ward.

“A lot of the renters have been here for a short period of time, so my connectivity with them is not as strong as it has been," Bushor said.

In Ward 2, Progressive incumbent Max Tracy easily retained his seat over Democrat Ryan Nick 1211-529.

Two photos of Ward 2 candidates holding campaign signs.
Credit Liam Elder-Connors / VPR

In Ward 4, newcomer Democrat Sarah Carpenter won over write-in Republican Kurt Wright 1317-639. Independent candidate Ericka Redic trailed with 263 votes.

In Ward 5, Democratic incumbent Chip Mason held off Progressive challenger Nate Lantieri 1212-1027.

In Ward 8, Progressive candidate Jane Stromberg beat Democratic incumbent Adam Roof, 635-427.

Two photos of Ward 8 candidates holding signs.
Credit Liam Elder-Connors / VPR

The Progressive Party now has an outright majority on the city council. Burlington Mayor Miro Weinberger said Tuesday he was prepared to work with the council however the makeup changed.

“Once we get through these partisan seasons, people sit down at that big u-shaped table, and they want to get things done for their neighbors,” Weinberger said.

Liam Elder-Connors and Elodie Reed

9 p.m. 

Twenty-five towns in the Northeast Kingdom have passed votes to form the NEK Broadband Communications Union District. It’s the first step in an effort to bring high-speed internet to communities throughout the region.

Likewise, in southern Vermont, five towns will join together to create the Deerfield Valley Communications Union District. 

There are still a handful of towns yet to report voting results.

On mobile? Click here to see the map of the Vermont towns that have voted on joining a communications union district.

And in the Bennington area, eight out of eleven towns are reporting they will form a Southern Vermont Communications Union District.

The districts are a way for towns to combine resources in an effort to bring broadband internet to rural areas.

- Amy Kolb Noyes

8:15 p.m.

Voters in Elmore have passed a 1% local option tax on short-term rentals. The tally was 254 in favor and 90 opposed.

There are no hotels in Elmore, so the lodging tax has been referred to locally as an “Airbnb tax.” There are a number of seasonal camps around Lake Elmore that are rented out through online platforms.

Elmore only considered the lodging local option tax, and not the sales or alcohol taxes that some towns have adopted.

- Amy Kolb Noyes

7:55 p.m.

Gregory Thayer, of Rutland, was among the two dozen Donald Trump supporters who held a honk-and-wave for their candidate in Essex Junction this evening. The Associated Press has projected the president will win the Republican primary in Vermont.

Trump is one of three candidates on the GOP presidential primary ballot in Vermont, along with former Massachusetts Gov. Bill Weld and perennial presidential candidate Rocky De La Fuente.

Donald Trump may be a shoe-in for the Republican presidential nomination this year, but that didn’t stop about two dozen of his supporters from holding banners and waving to motorists in Essex Junction. They rallied just across the road from where Sen. Bernie Sanders is scheduled to deliver an election-night speech later tonight.

A person waves holding a banner reading "VT: Trump Country 2020."
Credit Peter Hirschfeld / VPR
Gregory Thayer, of Rutland, was among the two dozen Trump supporters who held a honk-and-wave for their candidate in Essex Junction this evening.

Burlington resident Thea Knight said Vermonters should be wary of Sanders’ candidacy.

“He wants to give free things to everybody, which is just taking money from some people and giving it to others,” Knight said. “And plus he’s never really run any big thing. He’s run for office all these years, but putting things into practicality, I do not see evidence of that.”

The Trump supporters got a few friendly honks this evening. But they were also berated by some of Sanders’ supporters as they arrived at the Vermont senator’s rally at the Champlain Valley Exposition.

Gregory Thayer, of Rutland, said that kind of reception comes with the territory for Trump supporters in Vermont.

“[People] blow horns in our ears and they push our signs away. They stand in front of us,” Thayer said. “So I think they’re hostile and they don’t want to be team players, you know? Everybody has a right to their opinion.”

- Peter Hirschfeld

7:25 p.m. 

The Associated Press is projecting Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders will win the Democratic presidential primary in his home state.

6:25 p.m.

Listen above to All Things Considered host Henry Epp get a Sanders rally update from VPR's Liam Elder-Connors.

Liam Elder-Connors is at Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders' Super Tuesday rally in Essex Junction, where Sanders is expected to speak sometime later this evening:

5:40 p.m. 

Voters in the Mad River Valley are torn over a school district plan that would close some classes, move students to other schools and lay off teachers.

Opponents – including two outgoing school board members – urged people to vote against the Harwood Union Unified School District’s $39 million budget.

Moretown resident Neil Nussbaum is against the plan because it sends students from Moretown to an already overcrowded school in Dudbury.

He stood outside the Moretown Town Hall on Tuesday, carrying a sign that said “Mexit” to urge voters to withdraw from the six-town district.

Three people holding signs outside an Irving gas station.
Credit John Dillon / VPR
Neil Nussbaum, left, holds up his "Mexit" sign Tuesday.

He said the budget hurts students in his town.

“The budget that’s been proposed would take the 5th and 6th grade out of Moretown Elementary School and move the 7th and 8th graders from Harwood Middle School over to Crossett Brook for really no reason whatsoever,” he said. “Moretown has population growth, unlike the rest of the towns that are in this district. It really makes no sense, except for the fact that we’re a rural minority town, and under Act 46, we are essentially disenfranchised.”

Act 46 is the state’s school district consolidation law. It created incentives for school districts to merge and to find ways to consolidate and improve education.

Caitlin Hollister, chairwoman of the Harwood Union Unified School District board, said the budget presents a carefully thought-out plan that will benefit students.

“I’m quite confident,” she said. “One, we’re bringing our middle-level educators together in a way where they can collaborate and team even more effectively together and in new ways. I don’t underestimate that they have a lot of work to do ahead. But I also know that they are incredibly talented, and the idea of all of them being under one roof and getting to work together for our students ultimately will be a huge positive.”

A person stands up in front a screen.
Credit John Dillon / VPR
The Harwood Unified Union School District annual meeting on Monday. The district's board of directors provided information about Tuesday's controversial budget proposal, which voters decided on by Australian ballot.

Still, the budget, with its teacher lay-offs and reshuffling of schools, is very controversial. The district board had earlier called for closing the Fayston Elementary School, a plan that is shelved for now. But voters in that small town Tuesday held a strong voice vote of no confidence in District Superintendent Brigid Nease.

Voters in the six-town district are deciding the budget by Australian ballot, so the outcome won’t be known until this evening, after polls close.

- John Dillon

4:50 p.m.

People sit in rows.
Credit John Dillon / VPR
Voters at Fayston Town Meeting.

Town meetings in Vermont are usually dominated by issues of local importance – whether to buy a new plow or road grader, for example.

But the new coronavirus is both a global disease and an issue of intense local concern. When state representatives showed up at the Fayston Town Meeting to explain their work in the Legislature, resident Raymond Schenk wanted to know what they were doing about the virus.

More from VPR — Vermont Health Officials Preparing For Possible Arrival Of Coronavirus

“What is the state doing, for instance, to facilitate local testing?” he asked. “We need faster turnaround time. I understand in Europe they are already drive-through testing, 10 minutes, you know whether you’re positive or negative. That’s something we should have at the airports.”

Waitsfield Representative Kari Dolan told Schenk the state health department has a comprehensive response plan, including advice for the public on limiting disease transmission.

Moretown Representative Maxine Grad added she was disappointed that Gov. Phil Scott vetoed a paid family leave bill, since she said that would have allowed people who get infected to stay at home and not expose others. Had the bill passed, it would have gone into effect July 1.

- John Dillon

4:30 p.m.

According to the man who has served as the official, appointed weigher of coal in Richmond, the polls there have been busy all day:

4 p.m.

VPR's Howard Weiss-Tisman spotted former Gov. Peter Shumlin after Shumlin cast his ballot in Westminster.

Former Gov. Peter Shumlin on the steps of a town hall building.
Credit Howard Weiss-Tisman / VPR

3:15 p.m.

The Vermont Secretary of State's office reminds us who helps make election day possible (and that they are very proficient with GIFs).

1:30 p.m.

The town of Fletcher, which calls itself "a nugget of beauty in northern Vermont," passed its school budget according to the elementary school principal:

1:10 p.m.

Burlington Mayor Miro Weinberger told VPR's Liam Elder-Connors he isn't saying who he voted for in the presidential primaries today:

12:45 p.m.

Amy Kolb Noyes reported at Wolcott's Town Meeting this morning, where the retiring town clerk of 34 years swore in her former assistant:

People lined up in a gym.
Credit Amy Kolb Noyes / VPR
Voters in Wolcott line up to cast their ballots. The town had over a 16% voter turnout today. Most people attributed the relatively high turnout to a contested town clerk's race, rather than the presidential primary.

12:30 p.m.

A person sits behind some peppermints and a Castleton University bell.
Credit Nina Keck / VPR

Volunteer Debbie Rosmus works the polls in Castleton. According to Town Clerk Nedra Boutwell, the bell is kept ready for any first-time voters to swing. While the town gets a lot of first-timers from Castleton University, there are also some older first-timers, too.

- Nina Keck

12:10 p.m. 

Meanwhile, in Thetford ...

Four people and a dog stand outside with signs.
Credit Angela Evancie / VPR
Select board candidate Sharon Harkay, Alexis Jetter and Sherry Merrick, plus Sadie the dog, greet voters outside Thetford's polling place.

A person laughs.
Credit Angela Evancie / VPR
Melba Stowell having a good time.

A person behind a "I Voted!" blinder.
Credit Angela Evancie / VPR
VPR File
Helena Binder casts her ballot.

- Angela Evancie

10:50 a.m. 

In Monkton, there's a big bond vote on the ballot — $1.7 million to build a new town hall and library. It's a longstanding issue of whether and how we need to replace the current configuration.

Two signs, one for and one against a bond for a new town hall and library.
Credit Jane Lindholm / VPR

And on a separate note, some voters there seemed more interested in the local issues over the presidential primaries:

According to Will Senning, the director of elections and campaign finance for the Vermont Secretary of State's office, in primary presidential elections, town clerks record which party's ballot every voter takes. Those town clerks are then required to file with the Secretary of State a report showing all the people who voted in a party's primary, making that list a public record that anybody can request.

- Jane Lindholm

10:25 a.m. 

Three people hold signs outside a white building that says "Town Hall" on it.
Credit John Dillon / VPR

Some voters in Harwood Union Unified School District voiced their “No” vote to a $39 million budget because of a plan that would take elementary students out of Moretown. The “Mexit” sign is urging Moretown to leave the district.

- John Dillon

10:10 a.m. 

People are getting out and about to the polls on this fine sunny day:

8:45 a.m.

Monday night, Proctor Town Meeting voters rejected a $1.5 million offer from a Florida developer for 1,650 acres of forest land that Proctor owns in nearby Chittenden.

The potential sale had sparked concerns over access to the land, which is currently used by hunters, hikers, skiers and snowmobilers.

Celia Lisananti, Proctor’s Town Clerk and Treasurer, said Monday night’s nonbinding floor vote was “a resounding ‘no.’”

Kate Wanner, of the Trust for Public Land, was also at the meeting. She told VPR more than 250 people attended, and at least 90% voted to keep their town forest. Wanner called that a win for public land.

- Nina Keck

8:25 a.m.  


Listen above to Nina Keck share reports from Rutland County with Morning Edition host Mitch Wertlieb.

Over in Rutland County, voters are feeling various levels of enthusiasm about the presidential primary.

A person standing in the sun outside a brick building.
Credit Nina Keck / VPR
Maggie Ames.

Some knew exactly who they were – and weren’t – voting for. Maggie Ames, who was casting her ballot at the Godnick Adult Center in Rutland, said she couldn’t talk politics at home because she would vote for anyone but Donald Trump while her husband liked the current president.  In the end, Ames went for former Vice President Joe Biden.

Howard Stickney, who was having a coffee in McDonald's Tuesday morning, said he leaned Republican but wasn’t feeling too hot about any of the candidates.

“To me, neither party is really presenting anyone worth giving a serious look at,” Stickney said. “The Democrats, they’re too busy fighting amongst themselves. Trump, I like a lot of his ideas and his policies. But he’s not the face we want to present to the world.”

Three people at a table in McDonald's.
Credit Nina Keck / VPR
Howard Stickney, left, with friends at McDonald's in Rutland.

Elizabeth Soulia on the other hand, who works in the library in Pittsford and just turned 18, said she was excited to vote for the first time. She also said she was questioning how to vote in a way that took into consideration not just herself but those around her.

“I know voting is supposed to be personal, but at the same time, your vote kind of decides for your community,” Soulia said.  

She expected to vote for either Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren or Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders.

- Nina Keck

7:45 a.m.

Listen to Peter Hirschfeld share his reporting from southern California with Morning Edition host Mitch Wertlieb.

Listen above to VPR's Peter Hirschfeld share his reporting from southern California with Morning Edition host Mitch Wertlieb.

In advance of Super Tuesday, VPR’s Peter Hirschfeld visited southern California to see the on-the-ground campaign efforts of Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders.  Voters in California will award 30% of the 1,344 delegates up for grabs on Super Tuesday – the state’s sheer size gives it an outsize role in the nominating process.

The winner of the Democratic primary in California has gone on to win the nomination in each of the last eight presidential cycles.

Among the the grassroots activists hoping to help Sanders get a big win in California is Shapla Choudhury, who spent a recent afternoon tabling on Vermont Avenue in Los Angeles outside a mosque in Koreatown. Choudhury is part of a network of Sanders supporters known as Muslims For Bernie. She handed out pins and bumper stickers and campaign brochures to fellow Muslims arriving to worship.

Two people in headscarves hold up a sign that says "Bernie."
Credit Peter Hirschfeld / VPR
Emily Dibinie, left, and Shapla Choudhury hand out Sanders campaign literature last week outside the Islamic Center of Southern California in Los Angeles.

Since he announced his first run for president in 2015, Choudhury said Sanders has made significant inroads in the Muslim community.

“We don’t care about his religion or his background. We don’t think of him as being Jewish or being white or being old. I mean, that doesn’t matter,” Choudhury said. “It matters to us what he stands for, and that he’s for justice for everyone. I think that’s the most important thing about Bernie, and about why we support him. I mean, almost every Muslim I’ve talked to supports Bernie.”

Dr. Bill Honigman, a retired emergency room doctor and Medicare-for-All activist, is the California state coordinator for a group called Progressive Democrats of America. PDA is one of several organizations engaged in electioneering on behalf of Sanders.

A person holds a clipboard.
Credit Peter Hirschfeld / VPR
Dr. Bill Honigman, California state coordinator of Progressive Democrats of America, fields questions about Medicare for All at an event in Chatsworth, California, organized by advocates for single-payer health care.

He said PDA views the moderate Democratic establishment in Washington, D.C., as an impediment to programs like Medicare for All, or a federal Green New Deal. He added that support for Sanders’ campaign is part of a broader national effort that’s trying to recast the ideological makeup of the U.S. House and Senate, as well as state legislatures and local municipal boards. 

“We really need a groundswell, we need the blue wave to be a blue tsunami coming from California that washes over the rest of the country, where we can win the primaries not just every state but every state by double digits, by 10 points or more,” Honigman said. “That will send a message to Washington, and say, 'Hey, the people are not happy with what’s going on there, and these are the changes that we need to see.'”

- Peter Hirschfeld


4:30 p.m.

If you have a) questions about voting in Vermont b) the need to catch up on election news or c) a curiosity about (or even mild interest in) Town Meeting Day issues, we're here for you.

Get your voting questions answered:

In Vermont, people can register to vote on election day. While there is an online registration option, the Vermont Secretary of State's office recommends that it be completed no later than the Friday before election day in order to ensure the application is processed in time. How to register in-person on election day, plus other Frequently Asked Questions, are posted here on the secretary of state's website.

A cake with white frosting that has Thanks for Voting written on it. A few pieces have already been removed.
Credit Nina Keck / VPR File
VPR File
Frequently Asked Questions about voting in Vermont can be found at the Vermont Secretary of State's website.

Catch up on election news:

Between Saturday's South Carolina Primary and Monday afternoon, NPR reported several more Democratic candidates for president dropped out:

VPR's Peter Hirschfeld recently traveled to southern California to cover the Sanders campaign and his volunteers there:

VPR and Vermont PBS conducted a poll of registered Vermont voters in early February:

Two bar charts showing who people would vote for in the primary if it was today.
Credit Kyle Blair / Vermont PBS
Vermont PBS
The results of a recent VPR - Vermont PBS poll of registered Vermont voters conducted between Feb. 4 and Feb. 10.

And on Wednesday, March 4, Vermont Public Radio, along with New England Public Radio and Maine Public, will host an hour-long America Amplified special focused on issues important to voters in Vermont, Massachusetts and Maine.

We want to hear from you:

  • What most concerns you about your community or the country in the coming year?
  • What do you want people to understand about your community or your life?
  • What issues are motivating you to vote this year?
  • If you're not voting, what keeps you from going to the polls?

Send your comments on the above and other questions you have about this year's election issues via Twitter to @vprnet, by email to AmericaAmplified@nepr.net, or through voicemail by calling 207-370-3487.

Town Meeting Day:

Members of the VPR news team have been keeping an eye on Town Meeting issues:

A person holds up a rendering of a pool at the bottom of a hill.
Credit Amy Kolb Noyes / VPR File
VPR File
St. Albans City Manager Dominic Cloud holds up a rendering of a pool proposed to go at the bottom of the Hard'Ack recreation area in St. Albans. The $5.5 million project will be put to voters in St. Albans city and town on Town Meeting Day.

And in the latest episode of VPR's people-powered journalism project, host Angela Evancie and VPR senior political reporter Bob Kinzel answer your questions about Vermont's various levels of government, including the 250-year-old institution of Town Meeting:

This post will be updated.

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