Frequently Asked Questions (And Answers) About The COVID-19 Vaccine In Vermont
This post is no longer being updated as of 2:10 p.m. 6/15/2021.
Vermont administered its first COVID-19 shot on Dec. 15, 2020. The state continues to roll out vaccinations. You've asked us a lot of questions about this process, and here are some answers.
Click on a question below to learn more:
- How do I use the online portal?
- When is it my turn to get vaccinated?
- What is the state doing to ensure accessibility and equity?
- Is the vaccine safe?
- Is the vaccine mandated?
- How will my life change after getting vaccinated?
You can also find a COVID-19 vaccine timeline at the bottom of this story.
If you don't see your question listed above, the Department of Health has extensive resources, links, and answers to questions specific to getting vaccinated for COVID-19 here. Or ask it! Send us a message.
If you have questions about COVID-19 that do not concern the vaccine (i.e. testing, symptoms, quarantine), check out both VPR's coronavirus FAQ and the Department of Health FAQ for a more comprehensive list of questions and answers about COVID-19.
How do I use the online portal?
The Department of Health has a video that walks you through the steps of how to register and schedule a COVID-19 vaccine appointment using the online portal. You can watch that video tutorial below:
The steps for registering and scheduling will also be written further down in this story.
Note: You will need an email address to make an account. You can use the same email address for multiple people, if one person is registered as a "dependent." Learn more about what to do if you do not have your own email address here.
Here are the basic steps to register for a COVID-19 vaccine appointment:
1. You will need to create an account in the registration system. This link will take you to the portal to make an account.
Note: If you've been tested for COVID-19 through the Department of Health before, then you already have an account! If you have an account, but don't remember your password, click "Forgot My Password" and follow the instructions via email to reset your password.
2. If you do not already have an account, you will fill in your basic information and click "Create Account" on the online portal. You then will receive a link, via email, to verify your account. This email will also include a patient ID number.
3. Go back to the online portal. Use the patient ID number included in the confirmation email, and create a password. You will then review and consent to the Notice of Privacy Practices, and enter your personal information. Click "Submit" at the bottom right of your screen once you have entered this information.
3. After making an account, you can log in to the online portal. There should be a blue button at the top of your screen that says "Schedule Vaccine Appointment." You will then select the name of the person the appointment is for from the dropdown menu.
4. Then, you will be prompted to choose a vaccination site. You can search by county and date range, and then choose a specific clinic location to get your vaccine.
Note: If you do not see your county listed in the dropdown menu, you may need to make your browser window smaller on your computer screen, in order to see the full list of counties.
5. You will then be asked a series of medical and demographic questions. You will be asked for insurance information, but insurance is not required to get the COVID-19 vaccine.
6. You will then complete a waiver and be provided with links to FDA fact sheets for both vaccines.
7. You will now be able to schedule your appointment. After being asked about COVID-19 symptoms, you will see a list of available appointments for the location and date you selected earlier in the process.
8. Click on an available appointment to select it, and click "Schedule & Submit" at the bottom right of the screen.
9. You are now scheduled for a COVID-19 vaccine appointment! Your appointment confirmation will be available on the main registration page, and will be emailed to you.
Alternatively, instead of registering through the Department of Health, you can also make an appointment with Kinney Drugs, by clicking here, CVS, by clicking here, Walgreens, by clicking here or Northfield Pharmacy, by clicking here. The state notes it does not matter if you make your appointment through the Department of Health or through a pharmacy.
The state is encouraging friends and relatives to assist their loved ones with making an appointment, by listing them as a "dependent." Learn more about how to make an appointment for someone else here.
If the online portal is not working for you, and you need help, there's a hotline that you can call: 855-722-7878.
The hotline is open Monday through Friday from 8:15 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. and Saturday to Sunday 10 a.m. – 3 p.m. The state notes registering online is the most efficient way, if it's available to you.
When is it my turn to get vaccinated?
The goal is have all Vermonters fully vaccianted by July 2021. The state of Vermont is now offering walk-in vaccination sites, which you can find here.
Starting May 20, non-residents in Vermont can receive a COVID-19 vaccine.
As of May 13, Vermonters ages 12-15 could begin signing up for a Pfizer vaccine.
On April 29, college students from other states and people who live part of the year in Vermont (and don't work here) became eligible for a vaccine appointment.
As of April 19, all Vermonters 16 and older could sign up for a COVID-19 vaccine.
On April 17, Vermonters 16- to 18-years old became eligible for a Pfizer vaccine.
On April 12, Vermonters 30 and older could egister for a shot.
Starting April 7, spouses and caregivers of veterans could receive a vaccine at through the VA.
On April 5, vaccine registration opened for Vermonters 40 and older.
As of April 1, BIPOC Vermonters and their entire household can make a vaccine appointment.
Beginning March 31, parents and those caring for young children with high-risk conditions became eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine.
On March 29, Vermonters 50 and older could begin signing up for a vaccine. Those 60 and older were eligible as of March 25.
As of March 16, any veteran, regardless of age — who gets their medical care through the VA — can get a COVID-19 shot. Find more information here.
Starting March 11, Vermonters aged 16 and older with certain high-risk health conditions could make a vaccine appointment.
Human Services Secretary Mike Smith has said the state will rely on “the honor system” to determine who is eligible of being in the high-risk health condition category. Those conditions are identified by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and are determined to pose the most severe risk when compounded with COVID-19.
These health conditions are listed here, and they are as follows:
- Current cancer
- Chronic kidney disease
- COPD, also called emphysema
- Heart conditions, such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, or cardiomyopathies
- Immunocompromised state (weakened immune system)
- Severe obesity
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Down Syndrome
- Sickle cell disease
On March 8, the Scott administration allowed teachers, school staff, child care providers, corrections staff and people aged 55 and older with higher-risk health conditions to sign up for a vaccine.
As of March 1, Vermonters aged 65 and older became eligible to register for the COVID-19 vaccine.
On Feb. 12, state officials announced Vermonters 70 and older can sign up to receive the vaccine starting Feb. 16.
On Jan. 27, the vaccine was made available to Vermonters who are 75 and older.
On Dec. 15, the vaccine was made available to health care workers, and residents and staff of long-term care facilities.
In the beginning, the state said shots were in limited supply, and so they were first being administered to individuals determined to be at highest at risk of death if they contracted COVID-19, or who were most critical in COVID-19 response and providing direct care for others.
How will you know when it's your turn to get vaccinated?
While the Health Department is not keeping a list of people who are eligible for the vaccine, it says it is working with health care practices, pharmacies, employers and local news media to announce the next group who can sign up for COVID-19 shots.
What is the state doing to ensure equity and accessibility?
The Vermont Department of Health COVID FAQ has a section on what assistance is available during your vaccine appointment.
The COVID-19 vaccine is free. Vermonters do not need health insurance to obtain the vaccine.
If you don't have a car or access to a ride to your vaccine appointment the state says free public transit is made available. These rides are coordinated through Vermont Public Transportation Association, and volunteer drivers use cars, vans, or buses. For more details on free transportation, click here.
You can find contact information for your local public transportation provider through Vermont Public Transportation Association website here.
On March 2, Human Services Secretary said home health agencies were scheduling in-home vaccinations for homebound Vermonters. On March 5, those who haven't been contacted by a health care organization can sign up for a vaccine by calling 802-863-7240 (toll-free 833-722-0860) Monday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Vaccine clinics are handicapped-accessible, and wheelchairs are made available at Health Department vaccination sites and hospitals.
The state says language interpreters can be arranged at Health Department sites, usually by phone or video conference through a computer at the clinic. Interpreters can be requested through public health workers on site. Burlington and Winooski will have some in-person interpreters, too, based on demand.
If you do not have access to the internet, a computer, or a smartphone to make an appointment online, you can call the hotline to make an appointment: 855-722-7878. Again, the hotline is open Monday through Friday from 8:15 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. and Saturday to Sunday 10:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m.
This hotline also has access to translators if needed.
Racial/ethnic, housing status and immigration status equity:
On March 9, health officials said the state will offer vaccine shots to anyone 16 and older in the BIPOC community who visits a clinic with a member of their household who is receiving a dose.
BIPOC-focused COVID-19 vaccine clinics are also available across the state. More information can be found here.
On March 30, the state announced all BIPOC Vermonters 16 and older, plus their entire household, regardless of its members' race or ethnicity, could sign up for COVID-19 vaccine appointments beginning April 1.
Vermont Health Commissioner Dr. Mark Levine pointed to data showing that as of March 30, 21% of BIPOC Vermonters had received one COVID shot, compared to 34% of white, non-Hispanic Vermonters.
Health Department data also show that BIPOC Vermonters, except those identifying as American Indian or Alaska Native, have the highest COVID-19 infection rates in the state.
Levine says BIPOC residents tend to work jobs that put them at a higher risk of catching the virus and are more likely to be hospitalized. He added that the population is also younger – which means earlier on, they were mostly left out of the state’s vaccination plan, which prioritized older Vermonters.
"We really do not feel that this rate for vaccination of this community is something we can ignore," he said.
As of mid-May, the vaccination rate disparity between white and BIPOC Vermonters shrunk by half. And it appears to be shrinking even further, thanks to clinics across the state, led and designed by leaders who are people of color, with funding and support from the Vermont Department of Health.
Levine has also said in the governor's twice-weekly COVID-19 press briefings that undocumented residents and people experiencing homelessess are included in the state’s prioritized “vulnerable” population.
Is the vaccine safe?
According to the CDC, the COVID-19 vaccine is safe:
"COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective. Millions of people in the United States have received COVID-19 vaccines, and these vaccines have undergone the most intensive safety monitoring in U.S. history. This monitoring includes using both established and new safety monitoring systems to make sure that COVID-19 vaccines are safe."
Click here to find more information on the CDC website about the vaccine's safety and effectiveness.
The three vaccines available in Vermont are listed below. Click on a vaccine for more details.
1. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine
2. The Moderna vaccine
3. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine
Here are the ingredients in the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines, as listed by the Department of Health:
"The ingredients in the COVID-19 vaccines are similar to what is found in other vaccines. They contain protein, and fats, salts and polysorbate. The mRNA vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna) also have sugars and polyethylene glycol. They do not have any fetal tissue, pork products, eggs, gelatin, latex or preservatives in them."
Here are the ingredients of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, as listed by the Department of Health:
"Similar to other vaccine ingredients: modified cold virus, proteins, fats, and salts. It contains polysorbate. The vaccine does not have any fetal tissue, pork products, eggs, gelatin, latex, microchips or preservatives."
Vermont suspended its administration of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine from Tuesday, April 13 to Friday, April 23, when the federal government lifted its recommended pause following a safety review.
Gov. Phil Scott initially ordered the halt "out of an abundance of caution" after the Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control said they were investigating a rare blood-clotting syndrome that affected six women who received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
“The [White House COVID-19 Response Team] emphasized these incidents are extremely rare, and this pause is likely to be a matter of days, not weeks,” Scott said.
According to the federal agencies, the women were between the ages of 18 and 48, and experienced the blood clots six to 13 days after receiving the shot. To date, more than 6.8 million doses of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine have been administered nationwide.
Both Walgreens and CVS stopped Johnson & Johnson vaccinations, too. Kinney Drugs, which wasn't providing the one-shot vaccine in its pharmacies but held two off-site clinics offering the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, said it supported the recommendation to suspend its use.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is a viral vector vaccine, which, according to the CDC, works like this:
"Many vaccines use a weakened or inactivated form of the target pathogen to trigger an immune response. Viral vector vaccines use a different virus as a vector instead, which delivers important instructions (in the form of a gene) to our cells. For COVID-19 vaccines, a modified virus delivers a gene that instructs our cells to make a SARS-CoV-2 antigen called the spike protein. This antigen triggers production of antibodies and a resulting immune response. The virus used in a viral vector vaccine poses no threat of causing illness in humans because it has been modified or, in some cases, because the type of virus used as the vector cannot cause disease in humans."
Both the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines are mRNA vaccines, which, according to the CDC, work like this:
“[They] contain material from the virus that causes COVID-19 that gives our cells instructions for how to make a harmless protein that is unique to the virus. After our cells make copies of the protein, they destroy the genetic material from the vaccine. Our bodies recognize that the protein should not be there and build T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes that will remember how to fight the virus that causes COVID-19 if we are infected in the future.”
While the Johnson & Johnson vaccine is only one dose, the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines requires two doses. The first and second shot of the vaccine are identical to one another: in quantity and in ingredients. However, you cannot mix manufacturers of these doses (ex: first shot from Moderna, and second shot from Pfizer).
Is the vaccine safe for pregnant people?
Here’s what the Department of Health has to say about people who are pregnant receiving the vaccine:
"Based on what we know at this time, pregnant people are at an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19 and death, compared to non-pregnant people. Additionally, pregnant people with COVID-19 might be at increased risk of other adverse outcomes, such as preterm birth (delivering the baby earlier than 37 weeks). Therefore, it is especially important for pregnant people, and those who live with them, to protect themselves from getting COVID-19."
As NPR reports, a study recently published in The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology indicates vaccines are safe and effective for pregnant and breastfeeding women, and could potentially protect their babies.
You can find more information here.
Is the vaccine safe for children?
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is authorized for people 12 and older, and the Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines are authorized for people 18 and older.
COVID-19 vaccines have not been fully tested for young children. Since children’s immune systems are different at different ages, vaccine studies will need to be repeated with children to determine their safety. Learn more about this here.
Is the vaccine mandated?
There is no requirement from the state or federal government to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. According to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, employers can require vaccination with some exceptions. Learn more here.
Many colleges and universities are requiring students to get vaccinated in order to return to campus for fall 2021.
How will my life change after getting vaccinated?
Do I still need to wear a mask?
On May 13, the CDC announced vaccinated people don't need to wear a mask or social distance for most activities, though public transportation and health care settings have separate guidance. The CDC says that unvaccinated people, however, should still wear masks and observe social distancing.
On May 14, Gov. Phil Scott said the state of Vermont would adopt similar guidance.
NPR's health blog states the Pfizer vaccine is 52% effective after the first shot, and 95% effective a week after the second shot. The Moderna vaccine is 51% effective two weeks after the first shot, and 94% effective two weeks after the second dose. Neither of those are 100% effective. Therefore, it is still possible (though not likely) to contract COVID-19 even after getting a vaccine.
Health Commissioner Dr. Mark Levine has said if a vaccinated person comes into contact with COVID-19, they are less likely to develop symptoms, and far less likely to transmit the virus.
Can I travel?
Starting Feb. 23, if travelers have been fully vaccinated for COVID-19, they do not have to quarantine after their arrival in Vermont. Fully vaccinated means that an individual has been administered both shots, and has waited a full two weeks after their second shot is administered.
About this change in policy, Gov. Phil Scott said the following:
“This change is very narrow, focusing on travel. And I know there will be a lot of questions and some head scratching about why this is allowed, while other things are not. But the fact is, every step we make comes with questions, and we're taking it one step at a time to lessen the confusion.”
Beginning April 9, unvaccinated Vermonters returning from out-of-state travel don't have to quarantine anymore (except for international travel), and instead have to get a COVID test within three days of returning. Unvaccinated visitors to Vermont must have a negative COVID test within three days before arriving.
As of June 14, Vermont no longer has pandemic travel rules.
When will I be able to stop social distancing?
On June 14, Gov. Phil Scott announced all remaining pandemic restrictions were lifted, and the state of emergency would expire at midnight on June 15.
On May 21, Scott said once 80% of Vermont's eligible population receives at least one COVID shot, he would lift all remaining pandemic restrictions.
On May 14, the governor said fully vaccinated Vermonters no longer needed to socially distance indoors or outdoors.
On April 6, the Scott administration announced its reopening plan that would lift all pandemic-safety mandates by July 4. In late May, the governor said he'd remove all remaining restrictions once 80% of the state's population that's eligible for COVID-19 vaccines got at least one shot.
As of March 24, restaurants, bars and clubs in Vermont can operate at 50% capacity and seat up to six people from different households as long as tables as 6 feet apart.
On Feb. 23, Scott modified the ban on multi-household gatherings, allowing vaccinated Vermonters to gather with one other group. As of March 5, the governor said fully immunized Vermonters could gather indoors with one another.
Vermont's COVID-19 vaccine timeline
Gov. Phil Scott announced he was lifting remaining pandemic restrictions, and letting the state of emergency expire at midnight on June 15.
Vermont's 10 p.m. curfew for bars, restaurants and clubs is lifted.
Gov. Phil Scott said once 80% of Vermont's eligible population receives at least one COVID shot, he would lift all remaining pandemic restrictions.
State officials announced non-Vermont residents will be able to receive a COVID-19 vaccine at walk-in clinics starting May 20.
Gov. Phil Scott announced fully-vaccinated Vermonters no longer need to wear masks or socially distance.
Vermont opened COVID-19 vaccinations to those between the ages of 12 and 15.
Vermont eased requirements around masks outdoors, requiring them only when a 6-foot distance can’t be maintained, regardless of whether people are vaccinated or not.
College students from other states and people who live part of the year in Vermont (and don't work here) became eligible for a vaccine appointment.
Federal and state authorities lifted the recommended pause on the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
All Vermonters 16 and older are eligible for a COVID-19 vaccine appointment.
Vermonters 16- to 18-years old can sign up for a Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine.
Vermont is pausing all Johnson & Johnson vaccine appointments until at least April 23.
Vermont canceled all Johnson & Johnson vaccine appointments through the end of the week. Gov. Phil Scott ordered the halt "out of an abundance of caution" after the Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control said they were investigating a rare blood-clotting syndrome that affected six women who received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
Vermonters 30 and older can register for a shot.
Unvaccinated Vermonters returning from out-of-state travel don't have to quarantine anymore (except for international travel), and instead have to get a COVID test within three days of returning. Unvaccinated visitors to Vermont must have a negative COVID test within three days before arriving.
Spouses and caregivers of veterans can receive a vaccine at the VA.
Vermonters 40 and older can sign up for a vaccine appointment.
BIPOC Vermonters and their entire households can sign up for COVID-19 vaccine appointments.
Parents and those caring for young children with high-risk conditions can sign up for the COVID-19 vaccine.
Gov. Phil Scott reversed a previous position and announced non-resident college students and second homeowners can sign up for a vaccine beginning April 30.
The state announced all BIPOC Vermonters 16 and older, plus their entire household, regardless of its members' race or ethnicity, could sign up for COVID-19 vaccine appointments beginning April 1.
Vermonters 50 and older can begin signing up for a vaccine.
Vermonters 60 and older can make a vaccine appointment.
The Scott administration rolled out its vaccine plan for all age bands. All eligible Vermonters over the age of 16 will be able to register for a vaccine by April 19.
Officials also announced two coronavirus vaccine clinics specifically for residents who identify as Black, Indigenous and people of color. More information about signing up is available here.
Any veteran, regardless of age — who gets their medical care through the VA — can get a COVID-19 shot. Find more information here.
Despite an outbreak at the Northern State Correctional Facility in Newport, state officials said they wouldn't speed up vaccinations for inmates, instead administering shots when they met the statewide vaccine eligibility requirements.
Vermonters 16 and older with certain high-risk health conditions can sign up for the vaccine.
The Scott administration announced the state will offer vaccine shots to anyone 16 and older in the BIPOC community who visits a clinic with a member of their household who is receiving a dose.
Officials also said the state was moving up the vaccine eligibility date for Vermonters 16 and older with certain health conditions to March 11.
Teachers, school staff, child care providers, corrections staff and people aged 55 and older with higher-risk health conditions can now sign up for a vaccine.
Gov. Phil Scott said Vermonters who have been fully immunized can gather indoors with other fully immunized people.
The White River Junction VA Medical Center will host a vaccine clinic on Friday, March 5 between 9 a.m. and 1 p.m. at the Champlain Valley Exposition in Essex Junction for any veteran, regardless of age, with an existing medical condition who gets their medical care through the VA. Find more information here.
The Scott administration announced that teachers and other school personnel, corrections staff, child care providers and Vermonters 55 and older who have high-risk health conditions can all sign up for COVID-19 shots beginning March 8.
Vermonters 16 and older with certain high-risk health conditions can sign up for the vaccine beginning March 15.
Human Services Secretary Mike Smith also said homebound Vermonters who haven't been contacted by a health agency for a vaccine can sign up for one beginning Friday, March 5.
Vermonters 65 and older can now sign up for COVID-19 vaccine appointments.
Gov. Phil Scott says that fully-vaccinated Vermonters can travel without quarantine. "Fully-vaccinated" is defined as having been administered both shots, and waiting two weeks after the second shot.
Fully vaccinated Vermonters can also now gather with one other group.
About 8% of Vermonters have been fully vaccinated, and around 15% have been administered at least one shot.
Vermonters 70 and older can now sign up to receive their COVID-19 vaccine.
Health Commissioner Mark Levine says the state has offered vaccinations to people of color under age 75 who showed up at the clinics with older family members.
“We have learned from our experience through the state’s pandemic response that it makes good public health sense to allow household members facing language and access barriers, to get information and services at the same time, rather than duplicate these services later on,” Levine said.
Levine said about a hundred members of the BIPOC community have been vaccinated at clinics offering language translation services.
More than 55,000 Vermonters have now received at least one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, which is nearly 10% of eligible Vermonters who can receive the vaccine, according to Secretary of Human Services Mike Smith.
Some 14% of Vermonters aged 75 and over have received at least one dose of the vaccine.
The Scott administration says it plans to begin administering the vaccine to homebound seniors by the end of this week.
Vermonters 75 and older can now sign up to receive their COVID-19 vaccine. The Department of Health is asking state residents to visit healthvermont.gov/MyVaccine. If Vermonters can't get online or need to speak to someone in a language other than English, beginning at noon today they can call 855-722-7878.
The phone line will be open Monday-Friday 8:15 a.m. - 5:30 p.m., and Saturday and Sunday 10 a.m.- 3 p.m.
Officials announced Vermonters 75 and older can receive the COVID-19 vaccine beginning Jan. 27.
Vermont has received 30,000 doses of vaccine so far, and state officials also announced that they decided who would receive inoculations next: frontline workers, older Vermonters, and those with high-risk conditions.
State officials said the federal government has delayed shipping COVID-19 vaccines. While Vermont expected to receive 11,000 doses, it's instead gotten 7,800.
The last day of the year also marked the day the first veterans received vaccinations at the White River Junction VA.
The first long-term care facility residents and staff received COVID-19 vaccinations.
Another 1,950 Pfizer-BioNtech COVID-19 vaccine doses arrived, and the University of Vermont Medical Center administered the state’s first COVID-19 vaccine.
Vermont receives first 1,950 Pfizer-BioNtech COVID-19 vaccine doses, 975 to University of Vermont Medical Center, 975 to Vermont’s State Vaccine Depot for distribution to the state’s hospitals.
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